Federal Funding Overview
The State’s Use of Federal COVID-19 Relief Funding
Learn how Federal funds were used to help New Yorkers endure the pandemic.
Total Available Federal Pandemic Assistance
These figures include aid provided directly to eligible recipients such as local governments, individuals, hospitals, businesses, transit authorities, and school districts, along with the funds expected to flow through the State Financial Plan.*
- Total Funds Available to NYS Recipients
- Funding Flowing through the State Financial Plan
The State’s multi-year Financial Plan (“State Financial Plan”) includes projections for anticipated State receipts and planned disbursements as well as State workforce estimates, balancing receipts and disbursements for the year the budget is adopted, and serving as an operating blueprint that governs State financial activity. The State Financial Plan reflects the broadest measure of State receipts and disbursements, encompassing the State’s General Fund, State dedicated funds, and funds received by the State from the Federal government. Much of the Federal pandemic assistance flows directly to various recipients outside of New York State government (e.g., tax rebates to individuals; grants to businesses; and aid to hospitals, transit authorities, and school districts) and therefore does not flow directly to the State and is not included in the State Financial Plan.
Bills and Funding Sources
The CARES Act provides aid for Federal agencies, individuals, businesses, states, and localities, as well as $100 billion for hospitals and health care providers to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. Assistance to states through the CARES Act is generally restricted to specific purposes and includes the CRF ($5.1 billion State allocation) and the Education Stabilization Fund ($1.2 billion State allocation). Pursuant to U.S. Treasury eligibility guidelines, CRF funds allocated to the State were used for eligible expenses incurred, including payroll expenses for public health and safety employees, through December 31, 2021. Navigate to the CRF page on this site for more details on New York State’s allocation and use of CRF funds.
The Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) provides aid through paid sick leave, free testing, expanded food assistance and unemployment benefits, protections for health care workers, and temporarily increased the Federal-share portion of Medicaid funding for the majority of medical expenses by 6.2 percent.
The American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act of 2021 provides aid for Federal agencies, individuals, businesses, states and localities, and others to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The ARP has provided the State with $12.75 billion in general aid (“recovery aid”) and $19.3 billion in categorical aid for schools, universities, childcare, housing, and other purposes. The ARP also provides $10 billion in recovery aid to localities in New York State and $7 billion directly to the MTA. Additional information on funding to localities and other non-entitlement units can be found at ARPA Coronavirus Local Fiscal Recovery Funds to NEUs. The State aid provided through the ARP is included in the Financial Plan as a deposit of Federal aid to the General Fund to offset revenue loss, ensure the continuation of essential services and assistance provided by government, and assist with the public health emergency response and recovery efforts. These funds are expected to be transferred to State funds over multiple years to support eligible uses and spending. In FY 2022, the State transferred $4.5 billion of the Federal ARP aid to the General Fund to fund eligible costs incurred through March 31, 2022. Navigate to the SLFRF page on this site for more details on New York State’s allocation and use of SLFRF funds.
The Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations (CRRSA) Act of 2021 provides funding for education, testing, tracing, vaccine distribution, unemployment assistance, small business programs, and housing.
FEMA Lost Wage Assistance provided grants to eligible claimants who were unemployed or partially unemployed due to the pandemic.
The Paycheck Protection Program and Health Care Enhancement Act provides funding for small business programs and health care programs, including $75 billion nationally for hospitals, health care providers, and testing and tracing activities.
The Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Supplemental Appropriations (CPRSA) Act of 2020 provides emergency funding to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, including support for vaccine development, the Public Health Emergency Preparedness program, and small businesses.
All Federal Pandemic Funding
The visualization below shows the total funding from each piece of pandemic response legislation distributed into 21 major spending categories awarded to NYS governmental and non-governmental entities. Much of the Federal pandemic assistance flows directly to recipients (e.g., tax rebates to individuals; grants to businesses; and aid to hospitals, transit authorities, and school districts) and is not reported through the State Financial Plan; New York State government does not have direct financial control or central oversight over this funding.
Financial Plan Funding Only
The visualization below shows the Federal pandemic funding flowing through the Financial Plan distributed into the major spending categories.
Note: Totals listed may not add due to rounding.
Explore the Federal Funding Streams Managed by DOB
Federal Single Audit
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) requires states to conduct an annual statewide audit known as the Federal Single Audit (Single Audit).
Budget Bulletin L-0300 guides New York State agencies through the completion of this annual independent audit of the State’s Federal award expenditures.
The Single Audit provides assurance to the Federal government that New York State has adequate internal controls in place and is generally in compliance with program requirements. The Single Audit Report formally titled “Independent Auditors’ Report as Required by Title 2 U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Part 200, Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards” is submitted to the Federal Clearinghouse as part of the State’s Financial Reporting Package.
Review the recent reports
- Year Ending March 31, 2023 (Beginning on Page 253)
- Year Ending March 31, 2022 (Beginning on page 241)
- Year Ending March 31, 2021 (Beginning on page 244)
- Year Ending March 31, 2020 (Beginning on page 234)
- Year Ending March 31, 2019 (Beginning on page 268)
- Year Ending March 31, 2018 (Beginning on page 255)
- Year Ending March 31, 2017 (Beginning on page 259)